The Slave Society
The Xia Dynasty, the first in Chinese history, was established in 21 st century B.C., heralding the beginning of the salve society in China. The following Shang and Western Zhou dynasty saw further development of the slave society. Then came the Spring, Autumn and Warring States periods, the transition periods from the slave society to the feudal society.
The Feudal Society
In 221 B.C., Qin Shi Huang, ended rivalry among the independent principalities in the Warring States Period, and established the first centralized, unified, multinational state in Chinese history – the Qin Dyansty. Subsequently, one feudal dynasty replaced another. They included: the Han,Three Kingdoms, Jin, Southern and Northern Dynasties, Sui, Tang, Five
Dynasies, Song, Yuan, Ming and Qing.
The Republic of China
In 1911, a bourgeois democratic revolution led by Dr. Sun Yat-sen ended the rule of the last dynasty – Qing. Thus the monarchy that had existed in China for 2,000 years came to an end, and the provisional government of the Republic of China was founded on February 12, 1912.
The People's Republic of China
After the War of Resistance Against Japan (1937-45), The Communist Party led by Mao Zedong won the civil war (the National Liberation War) against the Kuomintang led by Chiang Kai-shek, and forced the Kuomintang and its remaining army to Taiwan island. The Communist Party established the People's Republic of China on October 1, 1949.