Though TCM is slowly gaining acceptance in the US, most remedies are sold as over-the-counter herbal supplements. Experts at the First China (Guizhou) International TCM Seminar on Nov.5 in Guiyang, capital of Guizhou province, said familiarity with US Food and Drug Administration regulations will help Chinese TCM companies sell their products in the US.
"The FDA has very specific regulations on the ingredients of dietary supplements, especially for TCM, due to the fact that most of the ingredients are herbs and some of them are controversial in the US," said Jeff Crowther, executive director of the US-China Health Products Association, a nonprofit organization that helps its members with their businesses in US and Chinese markets.
Crowther said customers in the US generally don't approve of traditional Chinese medicines and that TCM companies that have been successful in the US are those that sell ingredients rather than packaged TCM products.
"The only time a US citizen will take Chinese medicine is if they go to a Chinese-medicine doctor and the doctor tells them to take these herbs. Then they will take them," he said. "But if it's presented as a dietary supplement for example, some very successful, well-known US companies can take some ingredients like licorice and put it in a capsule for nutrition people will buy it."
He said sales of dietary supplements in the US in 2012 were more than $32.4 billion, of which herbs and botanicals accounted for 19 percent.
He said Chinese companies should get legal consultation to learn more about FDA regulations before doing business in the US.
"Companies that are successful have staff from the US or (they have) Chinese that have lived in the US. They really understand the legal system," said Crowther. "If a company wants to enter the US market, it should hire a US consultant or someone who understands how to navigate the system."
Nevertheless, TCM is gaining in acceptance in the US, said Huang Lixin, president of the American College of Traditional Chinese Medicine, which is based in San Francisco.
"Among the 50 states, 43 have passed legislation and regard TCM acupuncture as a legal method of treatment," she said.
Australia is also warming to TCM, said Lin Ziqiang, vice-president of the World Federation of Chinese Medicine Societies.
"Victoria was the first state in Australia to recognize the legal status of a TCM doctor in 2000. By 2012 all the states in the country had given TCM doctors legal status. Now in Australia, licensed TCM practitioners are regarded as doctors like modern medicine practitioners," he said.
Lin said there are about 4,000 doctors in Australia who have been licensed and are allowed to treat people using traditional Chinese methods and to prescribe traditional Chinese medicines.
One major challenge in the country, however, is the quality of TCM ingredients and products.
"Problems, such as high amounts of heavy metal and pesticides, seriously hinder the development of TCM. TCM companies haven't set aside money to conduct rigorous studies to develop a kind of medicine that is accepted by the West," he said.